Wang Yi (politician)

Wang Yi
王毅
Wang Yi - 2017 (36537168903) (cropped).jpg
State Councilor of the People’s Republic of China
Assumed office
19 March 2018
PremierLi Keqiang
11th Minister of Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
16 March 2013
PremierLi Keqiang
DeputyLe Yucheng
Party SecretaryZhang Yesui
Preceded byYang Jiechi
8th Director of the Taiwan Affairs Office
In office
1 June 2008 – 16 March 2013
PremierWen Jiabao
Preceded byChen Yunlin
Succeeded byZhang Zhijun
Ambassador to Japan
In office
26 September 2004 – 24 September 2007
Preceded byWu Dawei
Succeeded byCui Tiankai
Personal details
Born (1953-10-08) 8 October 1953 (age 65)
Beijing, China
Political partyCommunist Party
Alma materBeijing International Studies University
China Foreign Affairs University
Gakushuin University
Signature

Wang Yi (Chinese: 王毅; pinyin: Wáng Yì; born 8 October 1953) is a Chinese diplomat and politician. He formerly served as China's Vice Foreign Minister, Ambassador to Japan and Director of the Taiwan Affairs Office. He has served as the Foreign Minister since March 2013 and the State Councilor since March 2018.

Personal life

Wang was born in 1953 in Beijing. After graduating from high school in September 1969, he was sent to Northeast China. He subsequently served in the Northeast Construction Army Corps in Heilongjiang Province for eight years.

In December 1977, Wang returned to Beijing, and in the same year was enrolled in the department of Asian and African Languages of Beijing International Studies University (BISU). He studied the Japanese language at the institution, graduating in February 1982 with a bachelor's degree. He's known to speak fluent English and Japanese.[1]

Wang's wife is the daughter of Qian Jiadong, who was the secretary of Zhou Enlai. He has a daughter.[2]

Career

Early career

Upon graduation from university, Wang was sent to the Asian section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he began his career as a diplomat. In September 1989, he was sent to the Chinese Embassy in Japan and served there for five years. When he returned to China in March 1994, Wang was appointed as vice section chief of the Asian section of the Ministry and was promoted to section chief the next year. From August 1997 to February 1998, Wang was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Foreign Relations of Georgetown University in the United States. Soon after his return, he was promoted to Minister assistant and the director of office of policy research. From September 1999, Wang studied international relations at China Foreign Affairs University and obtained a doctor's degree. In February 2001, Wang was elevated to deputy Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in charge of Asian affairs. He was then the youngest deputy Minister.

In September 2004, Wang was appointed as China's Ambassador to Japan. He served in this post until September 2007. In June 2008, Wang succeeded Chen Yunlin as the director of Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council of the PRC.[3]

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Wang with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in 2018

Appointment

On 16 March 2013, Wang was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs after he was approved by the Congress.[4]

Middle East mediation

Wang initiated a significant state visit to the Middle East in December 2013 to visit Israel and the Palestinian National Authority. He discussed with leaders of both countries the importance of the nuclear agreement with Iran and the importance of the continued peace talks, saying "War does not solve the problems. Violence increases the hatred. The peace talks are the appropriate and the only path."[5][6]

China-Arab Summit

In June 2014, during the China-Arab summit in Beijing, Foreign Minister Wang met his Somali counterpart Abdirahman Duale Beyle to discuss bilateral cooperation between China and Somalia. The meeting was held at the Chinese foreign ministry center and focused on trade, security and reconstruction. Among the issues discussed were the various Chinese development projects that are in the process of being implemented in Somalia. Beyle also indicated that the Chinese authorities are slated to broaden their support for Somalia, which would serve to create new employment opportunities. Additionally, Wang commended the Somali federal government on its peace-building efforts. He likewise reaffirmed the historically close diplomatic ties between both territories, recalling China's recognition of the nascent Somali Republic in 1960 and Somalia's subsequent campaigning which helped the lawful Chinese government resume its position on the United Nations Security Council.[7]

Wang, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014

Asia

On the evening of April 15th, 2018, Foreign Minister Wang Yi was received by his Japanese counterpart Taro Kono, on the first such official visit of a Foreign Minister of China to Japan since November 2009.[8]

Canadian journalist incident

During a joint news conference in Ottawa on the 1st June 2016, with Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs Stéphane Dion, Wang responded to Canadian reporter Amanda Connolly of online news site IPolitics over a question she raised regarding human rights in China, saying "Your question was full of prejudice against China and an arrogance that comes from I don’t know where. This is totally unacceptable to me".[9][10][11][12][13]

Wang with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2018

Xinjiang re-education camps

Wang Yi said the world should ignore "gossip" about Xinjiang re-education camps. At least one million members of China's Muslim Uyghur minority have been detained in mass detention camps, termed "reeducation camps", aimed at changing the political thinking of detainees, their identities, and their religious beliefs.[14]

State Councilor

In March 2018, Wang was appointed as the State Councilor.[15]

Internet celebrity

In July 2016, Wang became an internet celebrity on the Chinese micro-blog Sina Weibo. A fan club on Weibo devoted to Wang has more than 130,000 followers.[16]

Diplomatic relations

During Wang's current Foreign Ministry leadership he has achieved diplomatic recognition from Panama in 2017 as well as getting the Dominican Republic and El Salvador [17]to switch over as well in 2018. [18][19]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The new face of Chinese diplomacy: Who is Wang Yi?". 18 March 2013 – via Christian Science Monitor.
  2. ^ 孙满桃. "外交部12位部领导全部公布婚育状况_国内_光明网". politics.gmw.cn.
  3. ^ "Biography of Wang Yi". China Vitae. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  4. ^ "China People's Congress approves new cabinet". BBC. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  5. ^ "China FM: Iran deal 'first step' toward settling nuclear issue".
  6. ^ "Wang Yi meets Palestinian & Israeli leaders to boost peace talks CCTV News - CNTV English".
  7. ^ "Foreign affairs minister meets his Chinese counterpart". Goobjoog. 6 June 2014. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  8. ^ hermesauto (15 April 2018). "China foreign minister Wang Yi visits Japan for talks on North Korea, regional issues". straitstimes.com.
  9. ^ "China's Foreign Minister Castigates Canadian Reporter for Rights Question". The New York Times. 3 June 2016.
  10. ^ "China berates Canadian reporter".
  11. ^ "How to rattle China's foreign minister".
  12. ^ Beijing, Ashifa Kassam Tom Phillips in (2 June 2016). "Chinese minister vents anger when Canadian reporter asks about human rights" – via The Guardian.
  13. ^ "China's foreign minister scolds Canadian journalist for 'irresponsible' question on human rights".
  14. ^ "Academics condemn China over Xinjiang camps, urge sanctions". Al-Jazeera. 27 November 2018.
  15. ^ "China promotes foreign minister Wang Yi to state councillor, General Wei Fenghe named defence minister". South China Morning Post.
  16. ^ "People Are Super Thirsty Over This Diplomat And It's Kinda Weird".
  17. ^ Kuo, Lily (2018-08-21). "Taiwan vows to stand up to China after El Salvador cuts ties". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  18. ^ Yu, Jess Macy (2018-05-01). "Taiwan angry as China snatches ally away". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2018-05-02.
  19. ^ Ramzy, Austin (2018-05-01). "Taiwan's Diplomatic Isolation Increases as Dominican Republic Recognizes China". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-05-02.

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Yang Jiechi
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2013–present
Incumbent
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Wu Dawei
Chinese Ambassador to Japan
2004–2007
Succeeded by
Cui Tiankai