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Many names have been used to refer to Iceland in the Icelandic language. These names include colloquial, formal, and poetic forms:
- Eylenda [ˈeiːˌlɛnta], fem.—island, that is to say Iceland
- Fjalladrottning [ˈfjatlaˌtrɔhtniŋk], fem.—queen of the mountain or Iceland
- Fjallkonan [ˈfjatl̥ˌkɔːnan], fem. with definite article—lady of the mountain, a figure representing Iceland
- Frón Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈfrouːn], neu.— old Norse word for land, Iceland
- Heima á Fróni.
- Garðarshólmi [ˈkarðar̥sˌhoulmɪ], masc.—Iceland, named after Gardar Svavarsson
- Hrímey [ˈr̥iːmˌeiː], fem.
- Hrímgrund [ˈr̥iːmˌkrʏnt], fem.
- Hrímland [ˈr̥iːmˌlant], neu.—(the book Crymogaea occasionally uses “Hrímland”)
- Ísafold [ˈiːsaˌfɔlt], neu.
- Ísaland [ˈiːsaˌlant], neu.
- ...og flykkjast heim að fögru landi Ísa.
- Ísland [ˈistlant] - Iceland's official and most common name
- Jökulmær [ˈjœːkʏlˌmaiːr̥], fem.—Young woman of the glacier, Iceland
- Klakinn [ˈkʰlaːcɪn], masc—literally the iceberg or the ice cover
- Norðurey [ˈnɔrðʏrˌeiː], fem.— literally meaning "northern island", used in jest in the Westman Islands since Iceland is north of them
- Skerið [ˈscɛːrɪθ], neu-literally the skerry
- Snjóland [ˈstnjouːˌlant], neu.—Snowland
- Snæland [ˈstnaiːˌlant], neu.—the name that the Viking Naddoddr reputedly gave to Iceland in the 9th century meaning "snow land"
- Thule, neu.—some scholars claim Iceland was the land of Thule
- Týli [ˈtʰiːlɪ], neu.—Thule
- Þyli [ˈθɪːlɪ], neu.—Thule
Icelanders also have several nicknames for themselves, including Frónbúi [ˈfrouːnˌpuːɪ] or Frónverji [ˈfrouːnˌvɛrjɪ] ("an inhabitant of Frón") and Landi [ˈlantɪ] ("fellow countryman").
- Islandia—directly from Icelandic language "Ísland"
- Snelandia—a Latinization of the more poetic name Snæland
- Insula Gardari—literally meaning "Island of Garðar", compare Garðarshólmi
- Sagaøya—"Saga Island"
Other foreign languages
- Arabic: أيسلندا; Ayslanda
- Chinese: 冰岛; 冰島; Bīngdǎo, lit. 'Ice island'
- Dutch: IJsland
- English: Iceland
- French: Islande
- Greenlandic: Islandi
- Irish: an Íoslainn
- Russian: Исландия; Islandiya
- Scottish Gaelic: Innis Tile, lit. 'Island of Thule'
- Spanish: Islandia
- Nuttall, Mark (2005-09-23). Encyclopedia of the Arctic. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-78680-8.
- Strabo, Geographica, book 2, chapter 5, start of paragraph 8: Ὁ μὲν οὖν Μασσαλιώτης Πυθέας τὰ περὶ Θούλην τὴν βορειοτάτην τῶν Βρεττανίδων ὕστατα λέγει, παρ' οἷς ὁ αὐτός ἐστι τῷ ἀρκτικῷ ὁ θερινὸς τροπικὸς κύκλος· "Pytheas of Massalia therefore chooses the furthest regions around Thule, [which is] the most northern of the lands around Britain, around which the "summer turning circle" [= the line of celestial latitude where the sun turns at midsummer] is the same as the Arctic Circle.", which may refer to the sun being circumpolar at midsummer.
Strabo 1.4.2: ἥν φησι Πυθέας ἀπὸ μὲν τῆς Βρεττανικῆς ἓξ ἡμερῶν πλοῦν ἀπέχειν πρὸς ἄρκτον, ἐγγὺς δ᾽ εἶναι τῆς πεπηγυίας θαλάττης : "[Thule] which Pytheas says is a six days’ sail north of Britain, and is near the frozen sea."