This article lists political parties in Vietnam.
Vietnam is a Marxist–Leninist one-party state. This means that only one political party, the Communist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Cộng Sản Việt Nam) is legally allowed to hold effective power. To stay in power, the Communist Party of Vietnam has illegalized others parties. Vietnamese elections conform to the popular front principle used in communist countries. The united front in Vietnam is called the Vietnamese Fatherland Front and is led by the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Only the Communist Party of Vietnam is legal to operate in Vietnam, other parties exist outside Vietnam or secretly operate inside Vietnam:
- Bloc 8406 (prohibited in Vietnam)
- Committee for a Workers International (prohibited in Vietnam)
- Nationalist Party of Greater Vietnam (Đại Việt Quốc dân đảng) (outside Vietnam)
- People's Action Party of Vietnam (PAP) (Đảng Nhân Dân Hành Động Việt Nam) (outside Vietnam)
- Nationalist Party of Vietnam (VNQDD) (Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng) (outside Vietnam)
- Reform Revolutionary Party of Vietnam (Viet Tan) (Việt Nam Canh Tân Cách Mạng Đảng) (outside Vietnam, prohibited in Vietnam)
- Vietnam Populist Party (VPP) (Đảng Vì Dân) (outside Vietnam, prohibited in Vietnam)
Many members of these parties have been jailed in Vietnam under the charge of "attempt to overthrow the government". Political rights are very limited in Vietnam, especially the right to change the form of government.
- Cochinese Democratic Party
- Constitutional Party
- Democratic Party of Vietnam (Đảng Dân Chủ Việt Nam) (disbanded in 1988)
- Forces for National Reconciliation
- International Communist League (Vietnam)
- National Social Democratic Front (Mặt trận Quốc gia Dân chủ Xã hội) (disbanded in 1975)
- Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party (Cần lao Nhân vị Cách Mạng Ðảng) (disbanded in 1963)
- Socialist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Xã hội Việt Nam) (disbanded in 1988)