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Brief history and overviews
The military-dominated Establishment has directly ruled Pakistan for nearly half of its existence since its creation in 1947, while frequently exerting covert dominance over the political leadership during the remainder. The Establishment in Pakistan includes the key decision-makers in the country's military and intelligence services, national security, as well as its foreign and domestic policies, including the state policies of aggressive Islamization during the military dictatorship of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. However, the military establishment later reversed its support of political Islam under General Pervez Musharraf, who pursued enlightened moderation in the 2000s, leading Pakistan to join the War on Terror.
Till 1990, Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) was the only major party of Pakistan. After Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto died, Benazir Bhutto took control and they remained a strong position throughout Pakistan. In 1990, Nawaz Sharif of Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI) won the elections. Two major parties were in Pakistan. After IJI dissolved and Nawaz Sharif founded Pakistan Muslim League (N), PPP and PML(N) were the major two parties of Pakistan. In 1993, Peoples Party won the election again. In 1996, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was formed. In 2013, PTI took part in the elections and won 35 seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan. After the 2018 Pakistan elections, PTI became the government and became one of the three major parties of Pakistan.
In 2019, Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) was formed of many parties remove Establishment's involvement in politics.
Pakistan Peoples Party won the first Gilgit-Baltistan elections and was the only major party of Gilgit-Baltistan with 20 seats out of 33. However in 2015, Pakistan Muslim League (N) won 15 seats and became the major party of Gilgit-Baltistan and PPP only received one seat in the Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly. However in the 2020 elections, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) won 16 seats and became the only major party of Gilgit-Baltistan with PPP winning 3 and PML(N) winning two seats.
Currently in Gilgit-Baltistan, any party can win and any party can go down.
National Assembly and Senate members
|Party||Flag||Date of foundation||Political position||Leader|
|Aam Aadmi Party (Pakistan)||2014||Arslan Ul Mulk|
|Mazdoor Kisan Party||1968||Far-left||Wazir Muhammad Majboor|
|Pakistan Christian Congress||1985||Centre-right||Nazir S Bhatti|
|Pakistan Women Muslim League||2013|
|Sindh Taraqi Pasand Party||1991||Left-wing||Qadir Magsi|
|Pakistan Green Party||2002||Liaquat Ali Shaikh|
|Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam||1929||Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari |
Syed Faiz-ul Hassan Shah
Chaudhry Afzal Haq
|Communist Party of Pakistan||1948||Far-left||Jameel Ahmad Malik|
Provincial Assembly members
|Pakistan Muslim League (N)||
|Pakistan Peoples Party||
|Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)||
|Pakistan Muslim League (Q)||
|Muttahida Qaumi Movement–Pakistan||
|Awami National Party||
|Pashtunkhwa Milli Awami Party||
|Balochistan National Party||
|Balochistan Awami Party||
|Grand Democratic Alliance||
|Jamhoori Wattan Party||
|Hazara Democratic Party||
|Balawaristan National Front||
|Pakistan Rah-e-Haq Party||
- Shah, Saeed (19 August 2019). "Pakistan Extends Powerful Army Chief's Term". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2015). The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience. Oxford University Press. p. 586. ISBN 978-0-19-023518-5.
The civil-military establishment ruled Supreme for 60 years - from 1947 to 2007 - by crushing or betraying social movements and preventing the development of society.
- "MQM is a liberal and democratic party: Altaf." Daily Times, Pakistan 26 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- "Farooq Sattar vows to fight for Printing Press Quarters residents" The Express Tribune, 30 August 2018. Retrieved 02 September 2020.
- Haq F. "Rise of the MQM in Pakistan: Politics of Ethnic Mobilisation." Asian Survey, University of California Press 1 November 1999 35(11) p990 – 1004 doi=10.1525/as.1995.35.11.01p00677 Accessed 3 August 2009.
- "Pakistan: Human rights crisis in Karachi." Archived 4 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine Amnesty International 1 February 1996. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "List of Political Parties". www.ecp.gov.pk. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
- "Maulana Sami's son named JUI-S acting chief". The Express Tribune. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- "PM Imran Khan will have to resign: Shah Owais Noorani | SAMAA". Samaa TV. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
- "Sunni Tehrik becomes a political party". dawn.com. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Political parties in Pakistan.|
- List of Political Parties in Pakistan -ecp.gov.pk- Election Commission of Pakistan.