Famous or important Yemenis include:
Yemeni early diaspora
- Ghassanids, tribes consisting of more than 50 families that migrated north to the Levant
- Banu Judham
- Sakasic, were a Himyarite tribe that settled Northern Egypt around 3rd century AD. They settled the ancient town of Bubastis in Egypt giving it its modern name Zaqaziq after the name of their Yemeni Tribe Sakasic. Also its one of Egypt provinces.
- Banu Quda'a, were a Himyarite tribe that was exiled from Yemen following the trials of the Lakhmids and they settled The Southern part of the Lakhmid Kingdom in the Samawaregion.
- Banu Amela, were the first South Arabian tribe to settle The Southern part of Mt Lebanon later known as Jabal Amil, possibly as early as the 1st millennium BC.
- Banu Muayiya ruled much of northern Arabia and Bahrain. They were mostly affiliated with Himyar and declined after its fall.
- Banu al-Harith, settled in Najran
Scholars and academics
- Amat Al Alim Alsoswa, first female journalist Yemen Arab Republic, first female deputy minister, first female ambassador and minister in the Republic of Yemen
- Al Kindi, from Al Kindah tribe of Qaht
- Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi (816–944), famous Sufi of Junaidia order
- Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi (842–1034), famous Sufi of Junaidia order
- Abu Muhammad Al-hasan Ibn Ahmad Al-hamdani (893–945), geographer, poet, grammarian, historian, and astronomer
- Abdullah Al-Baradouni (1929–1999)
- Muhammad al-Gharsi
- Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i, Yemeni Muslim cleric, founder of the Dammaj madrasa
- Muhammad ash-Shawkani, Yemeni Sunni Salafi scholar
- Raufa Hassan al-Sharki, professor, journalist and founder of women's studies program at Sana'a University.
- Naseem Hamed, former boxing champion
- Isra Girgrah, female five-time world champion
- Nashwan Al-Harazi, Golden gymnast
- Ali Raymi, boxer and colonel in the Yemeni Armed Forces
- Boushra Almutawakel, photographer
- Bader Ben Hirsi, Award-winning British Yemeni director and writer, made Yemen's first full-length feature film, A New Day in Old Sana'a
- Khadija al-Salami
- Mohammed Abdu
- Ayoob Tarish Absey
- Arwa (singer)
- Shoshana Damari (1923–2006), Israeli singer
- Dana International (born 1972), Israeli singer
- Inbar Bakal (half Yemeni)
- Ahmed Fathi
- Balqees Fathi
- Zion Golan
- Ofra Haza
- Boaz Mauda
- Achinoam Nini (better known as Noa)
- Harel Skaat (half Yemeni)
- Jade Thirlwall (quarter Yemeni)
- Fouad Abdulwahid (singer)
Writers and journalists
- Ramziya al-Iryani, novelist, diplomat and women's rights activist.
- Sumaya Ali Raja, journalist and first woman presidential candidate for post-revolution Yemen.
- Zahra Rahmat Allah, short story writer and journalist.
- Hind Aleryani, journalist and social activist.
- Azizah Abd Allah Abu Lahum, novelist and women's rights activist.
- Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, founder of the construction conglomerate Saudi Binladin Group and the father of Osama Bin Laden
- Salem bin Mahfouz, founder of the National Commercial Bank of Saudi Arabia and the father of Khalid bin Mahfouz
- Zahra Al-Harazi, founder of Foundry Communications in Calgary, Canada
- Abdulla Al-Omeri, businessman, founder of an egg farm and local and national businesses
Social workers and activists
- Amal Basha, considered "Yemen's most famous feminist."
- Jamala al-Baidhani, activist for human and civil rights for women and the disabled.
- Nujood Ali, activist against child brides and forced marriage.
- Fatima al-Aqel, activist for women with blindness.
- Shada Nasser, attorney for Nujood Ali
Leaders and politicians
Sharifa Fatima, Zaydi chief in 15th-century Yemen
- Al-Khayzuran (died 789), wife of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mahdi and mother of both Caliphs Al-Hadi and the most famous Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid
- Rabiah ibn Mudhar, Jewish king of Himyar
- Abd al-Aziz ibn Musa had a significant role in the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. He was the son of Musa ibn Nusayr
- Musa bin Nusair (640–716), Yemeni Muslim governor and general under the Umayyads
- Dhu Nuwas (515–525), last king of the Himyarite kingdom of Yemen
- Arwa al-Sulayhi, (1048–1138), Sulayhid Queen of Yemen
- Amat al-Razzak Hammed, former Minister for Social Affairs
- Mohammed Lutf al-Iryani, former Water and Environment Minister
- Reem Al Numery, recipient of the International Women of Courage Award.
- Hind Aleryani, Arab women of the year award 2017.
- Tawakkol Karman, Nobel Peace Prize award 2011.
- Sonia Verma and Adele Moggridge (2008-03-21). "Man suspecting of Norwegian student's murder had 'playboy lifestyle'". The Times. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- Farea al-Muslimi, Yemen's National Dialogue is already faltering, Executive Magazine, April 16, 2013.
- "Regent's attend third annual Arab Women of the Year Awards". www.regents.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-02-04.