Sikh (// or //; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖ, sikkh IPA: [ˈsɪkkʰ]) is the title and name given to an adherent of Sikhism. The term has its origin in the Sanskrit term śiṣya, meaning "disciple, learner" or śikṣa, meaning "instruction".
Historical importance to Sikh religion
- Bhai Mardana (1459–1534) was Guru Nanak Dev's companion on all of his Udasis (travels) and he played kirtan.
- Bebe Nanaki (1464–1518) is known as the first Sikh. She was the elder sister of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder and first Guru (teacher) of Sikhism. Bebe Nanaki was the first to realize her brother's spiritual eminence.
- Sri Chand ( ਸ੍ਰੀ ਚੰਦ )(1494–1629) was the first son of Guru Nanak, raised by his sister. Sri Chand was a renunciate yogi. After his father left Sri Chand stayed in Dera Baba Nanak and maintained Guru Nanak's temple. He established the Udasi order who travelled far and wide to spread the Word of Nanak.
- Mata Khivi ( ਮਾਤਾ ਖੀਵੀ ) (1506–1582) is the only woman mentioned in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib. She was the wife of Guru Angad, and established the langar system, a free kitchen where all people were served as equals. Only the best possible ingredients were used, and everyone was treated with utmost courtesy. Her hospitality has been emulated over the centuries and has become the first cultural identity of the Sikhs. She helped her husband to establish the infant Sikh community on a stronger footing, and is described as good natured, efficient, and beautiful.
- Baba Buddha (6 October 1506 – 8 September 1631) was one of the earliest disciples of Guru Nanak. He lived an exemplary life and was called on to perform the ceremony passing the guruship on to five gurus, up to Guru Hargobind. Baba Buddha trained the sixth Guru in martial arts as a young man to prepare him for the challenges of the guruship.
- Bhai Gurdas ( ਭਾਈ ਗੁਰਦਾਸ ) (1551–1637) is one of the most eminent literary personalities in the history of the Sikh religion. He was a scholar, poet and the scribe of the Adi Granth. He was an able missionary and an accomplished theologian. Being well versed in Indian religious thought, he was able to elaborate profoundly the tenets of Sikhism.
- Mata Gujri (1624–1705) joined the ninth Guru in his long meditation at Baba Bakala before he assumed the guruship. She gave birth to and raised the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh. Mata Gujri accompanied her youngest grandsons, Baba Fateh Singh and Baba Zorawar Singh to their martyrdom at Sirhind-Fategarh, and subsequently passed as well.
- Mai Bhago (ਮਾਈ ਭਾਗੋ) is one of the most famous women in Sikh history. She is always pictured on horseback wearing a turban with her headscarf gracefully flowing in the wind, courageously leading an army into battle. A staunch Sikh by birth and upbringing, she was distressed to hear in 1705 that some of the Sikhs of her village who had gone to Anandpur to fight for Guru Gobind Singh had deserted him under adverse conditions. She rallied the deserters, persuading them to meet the Guru and apologize to him. She led them back to Guru Gobind Singh Ji in the battlefield at Muktsar (Khidrana) Punjab. She thereafter stayed on with Guru Gobind Singh as one of his bodyguards, in male attire. After Guru Gobind Singh left his body at Nanded in 1708, she retired further south. She settled in Jinvara, where, immersed in meditation, she lived to an old age.
- Bhai Mani Singh (1644–1738) was an 18th-century Sikh scholar and martyr. He was a childhood companion of Guru Gobind Singh and took the vows of Sikhism when the Guru inaugurated the Khalsa in March 1699. Soon after that, the Guru sent him to Amritsar to take charge of the Harmandar, which had been without a custodian since 1696. He took control and steered the course of Sikh destiny at a critical stage in Sikh history. The nature of his death in which he was dismembered joint by joint has become a part of the daily Sikh Ardas (prayer).
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. Ranjit Singh's reign introduced reforms, modernization, investment into infrastructure, and general prosperity. His government and army included Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and Europeans. Ranjit Singh's legacy includes a period of Sikh cultural and artistic renaissance, including the rebuilding of the Harimandir Sahib in Amritsar as well as other major gurudwaras, including Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar and Hazur Sahib Nanded, Maharashtra under his sponsorship. He was popularly known as Sher-i-Punjab, or "Lion of Punjab".
- Bhagat Puran Singh ( ਭਗਤ ਪੁਰਨ ਸਿੰਘ )(1904–1992) was a great visionary, an accomplished environmentalist and a symbol of selfless service to humanity. He was the founder of the All India Pingalwara charitable society which imparts service to the poor, downtrodden, the dying, and the mentally and physically handicapped people.
- Harbhajan Singh Khalsa (1929–2004) spread awareness of Sikhism in the West. Through his influence, thousands of young people adopted the Sikh faith. Harbhajan Singh's interfaith work included meetings with popes and archbishops in the 1970s and 80s, when Sikhism was little known outside of India. A number of scholars have concurred that Harbhajan Singh Khalsa's introduction of Sikh teachings into the West helped identify Sikhism as a world religion while at the same time creating a compelling counter-narrative to that which identified Sikhs solely as race with a shared history in India.
Criminals and Terrorists
- Talwinder Singh Parmar - Terrorist, militant and co-founder of Babbar Khalsa involved in the extremist Khalistan movement. Regarded as the leader of the conspiracy to bomb Air India flights in 1985.
- Paramjit Singh Pamma - member of the Khalistan Tiger Force and is on the NIA Most Wanted list
- Surjan Singh Gill - Suspect in the Air India Flight 182 bombing
- Jaspal Atwal - convicted of attempted murder for his role in the 1986 attempt to assassinate Punjab minister Malkiat Singh Sidhu. Also member of the now-banned militant group International Sikh Youth Federation
- Manbir Singh Chaheru - Founder of Khalistan Commando Force terrorist organization. Charged for more than 2 dozen murder cases before getting arrested.
- Lakhbir Singh Rode - heads the banned International Sikh Youth Federation. He iswas wantedinstigated in cases of arms smuggling, conspiracy to attack government leaders in New Delhi and spreading religious hatred in Punjab.
- Bhai Dayala Delhi, 1675.
- Bhai Mati Das Delhi, 1675.
- Bhai Sati Das Delhi, 1675.
- Bhai Mani Singh Amritsar, 1738.
- Bhai Taru Singh Lahore, 1745
- Kartar Singh Sarabha Lahore 1915.
- Bhagat Singh Lahore 1931
- Udham Singh Barnsbury, England, 1940.
- Fauja Singh Amritsar, 1979.
- Baba Deep Singh
Other Religious Figures
- Bhai Kanhaiya
- Bhai Daya Singh
- Bhai Dharam Singh
- Bhai Himmat Singh
- Bhai Mohkam Singh
- Bhai Sahib Singh
- Bhai Nand Lal
- Randhir Singh
- Babaji Singh
- Bhai Nirmal Singh Khalsa – Performer of Sikh Keertan at Harimandir Sahib
- Singh Kaur – Composer and performer of Sikh Keertan and New-age music
- Snatam Kaur – Performer of Sikh Keertan and New-age music
- Amitoj Maan
- Sonia Anand
- Ammy Virk
- Amrinder Gill
- Anurag Singh
- Babbu Maan
- Baljit Singh Deo
- Binnu Dhillon
- Diljit Dosanjh
- Gippy Grewal
- Gugu Gill
- Gurdaas Maan
- Gurpreet Ghuggi
- Harbhajan Mann
- Harry Baweja
- Himanshi Khurana
- Jaspal Bhatti
- Jaswinder Bhalla
- Jimmy Shergill
- karan aujla
- Kulraj Randhawa
- Mahi Gill
- Mandy Takhar
- Neeru Bajwa
- Rana Ranbir
- Shavinder Mahal
- Sidhu Moosewala
- Simran Kaur Mundi
- Smeep Kang
- Sonam Bajwa
- Surveen Chawla
- Yograj Singh
has Sikh mother,Grandmother, Sodhi khatri great-Great-Grandmother and is a distant descendant of Bhai Banno
- Rajkavi Inderjeet Singh Tulsi
- Arijit Singh
- Diljit Dosanjh
- Sunny Deol
- Om Puri
- Amrish Puri
- anupam kher
- Abhay Deol
- Amrita Singh
- Bobby Deol
- Chandrachur Singh
- Gippy Grewal
- Honey Singh
- Neetu Singh
- Manjot Singh
- Minissha Lamba
- Navneet Kaur Dhillon
- Nimrat Kaur
- Pamela Chopra
- Geeta Bali
- Gracy Singh
- Guru Randhawa
- Jagjit Singh
- Jaspal Bhatti
- Jimmy Shergill
- Kabir Bedi
- Kanwaljit Singh
- Kuldip Kaur
- Kulraj Randhawa
- Mangal Dhillon
- Manjot Singh
- Neetu Singh
- Neha Dhupia
- Poonam Dhillon
- Priya Gill
- Priya Rajvansh
- Ranjeeta Kaur
- Shaad Randhawa
- Simi Garewal
- Sukhwinder Singh
- Sunny Leone
- Sunny Singh Nijjar
- Swaran Lata
- Taapsee Pannu
- Vikram Chatwal
- Vindu Dara Singh
- Yogeeta Bali
- Parmeet Sethi
- Gurdeep kohli
- Rakulpreet Singh
British film, drama and entertainment
- Alexandra Aitken (Uttrang Kaur Khalsa) – Environmental campaigner, model, actress, artist and socialite
- Ameet Chana – Actor
- Amrit Maghera – Professional model turned actress
- Chandeep Uppal – Critically acclaimed starring role as Meena Kumar in the film Anita and Me.
- Harnaam Kaur – Model, anti-bullying activist, body positive activist
- Jassa Ahluwalia – Actor and presenter
- Lena Kaur – Best known for her role as Leila Roy in Channel 4's Hollyoaks
- Neelam Gill – Model, known for her work with Burberry, Abercrombie & Fitch and appearing in Vogue.
- Paul Chowdhry – Comedian and actor
- Perry Bhandal – Film director, screenwriter
- Simon Rivers – English actor who played the role of Kevin Tyler in Doctors
- Stephen Uppal – Known for playing Ravi Roy in the long-running British soap Hollyoaks
- Mandip Gill – Actress
Pop and western Bhangra
Bhangra and other Punjabi Legends
- Diljit Dosanjh'
- Amar Singh Chamkila
- Amrinder Gill
- Asa Singh Mastana
- Babbu Mann
- Balkar Sidhu
- Daler Mehndi
- Gippy Grewal
- Gurdas Mann
- Hans Raj Hans
Sikh nationalist leaders
Indian revolutionaries and freedom fighters
- Bhai Randhir Singh
- Baba Gurdit Singh
- Baba Gurmukh Singh
- Baldev Singh
- Bhagat Singh, also known as "Shaheed-e-Azam", was a charismatic Indian socialist revolutionary whose acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement
- Captain Mohan Singh
- Gurdan Saini
- Kartar Singh Sarabha, Indian Sikh revolutionary and the most active member of the Ghadar Party
- Labh Singh Saini
- Teja Singh Samundri
- Udham Singh
- Harnam Singh Saini
- Sardul Singh Kavishar
- Sardar Ajit Singh, was an Indian revolutionary, he was the uncle of sardar Bhagat Singh
- Dharam Singh Hayatpur was an Indian revolutionary, he was a prominent member of the Sikh political and religious group the Babbar Akali Movement in India
- Kartar Singh Jhabbar, was an Indian revolutionary, he was a Sikh leader known for his role in the Gurdwara Reform Movement of the 1920s
- Ripudaman Singh, Indian revolutionary
- Baba Kharak Singh
- Bhai Balmukund was an Indian revolutionary freedom fighter
- Ram Singh, credited as being the first Indian to use non-cooperation and boycott of British merchandise and services as a political weapon.
- Kishan Singh Gargaj
- Sewa Singh Thikriwala
- Sohan Singh Bhakna, was an Indian revolutionary, the founding president of the Ghadar Party
- Sohan Singh Josh, was an Indian communist activist and freedom fighter
- Diwan Mulraj Chopra
- Gulab Kaur
- Sunder Singh Lyallpuri, was a General of Akali Movement
- Maya Singh Saini
- Jagbir Singh Chhina
- Achhar Singh Chhina
- Sadhu Singh Hamdard, well-known freedom fighter and the journalist of Punjab
- Darshan Singh Pheruman, Indian freedom fighter, Sikh activist and politician
- Jaswant Singh Rahi
- Giani Ditt Singh
- Ganda Singh, was a prominent member of the Ghadar Party
- Teja Singh Swatantar
Ambassador Umej Bhatia is Singapore’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office in Geneva and the United Nations Office in Vienna, resident in Geneva. Ambassador Bhatia is concurrently Resident Representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency and Permanent Representative to the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organization.
- Gurbax Singh Malhi – former Liberal MP
- Amrit Mangat – Liberal MPP, Brampton
- Gulzar Singh Cheema – Manitoba and British Columbia Former MLA
- Gurmant Grewal – former Conservative MP, half (with Nina, listed below)
- Manmeet Singh Bhullar – former Progressive Conservative MLA, Calgary-Greenway, Alberta
- Hardial Bains – founder and leader of the Marxist–Leninist Party of Canada from 1970–1997
- Harinder Takhar – Ontario Liberal MPP and Minister of Transportation
- Harry Bains – British Columbia New Democratic
- Herb Dhaliwal – Former Liberal MP and the first Indo-Canadian cabinet minister
- Jagmeet Singh – Ontario NDP MPP / Leader of the Federal New Democratic Party
- Vic Dhillon – Ontario Liberal MPP
- Harjit Sajjan – Liberal MP, Vancouver South and Minister of National Defence (Canada)
- Navdeep Bains – Liberal MP, Minister of Education and Science
- Amarjeet Sohi – Liberal MP, Minister of Infrastructure and Communities
- Bardish Chagger – Liberal MP, Minister of Small Business and Tourism and Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
- Ujjal Dosanjh – former Premier of British Columbia, former MPP, former federal Minister of Health
- Prab Gill – MLA, Calgary-Greenway, Alberta
- Ujagar Singh Elected to the Legislative Council of Fiji in the 1968, representing the National Federation Party (NFP). He was also a member of independent Fiji's House of Representatives.
- Amarinder Singh
- Preneet Kaur Kahlon
- Nirmal Singh Kahlon
- Baldev Singh
- Buta Singh
- Darbara Singh
- Giani Zail Singh
- Gurcharan Singh Tohra
- Gurdial Singh Dhillon
- Harkishan Singh Surjeet
- Harsimrat Kaur Badal
- Manmohan Singh,
- Master Tara Singh
- Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman, Planning commission of India
- Parkash Singh Badal
- Pratap Singh Bajwa
- Pratap Singh Kairon
- Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
- Sant Fateh Singh
- Sardar Ujjal Singh, former Governor of Punjab and Tamil Nadu
- Sardul Singh Caveeshar
- Simranjit Singh Mann
- Sukhbir Singh Badal
- Sukhminderpal Grewal
- Surinder Singh Bajwa
- Surjit Singh Barnala
- Swaran Singh
- Varinder Singh Bajwa
- Jagjit Singh Dardi
- Gobind Singh Deo – Democratic Action Party Central Executive Committee, Current Member of Parliament, Minister of Communications and Multimedia
- Karpal Singh – Chairman of DAP. Member of parliament (aka "Tiger of Jelutong")
- Kher Jagatsingh – Minister of Education and Minister of Planning & Economic Development (1967-1982)
- Kanwal Singh Bakshi, Member of Parliament from 2008 (first Indian and first Sikh MP in New Zealand)
- Sukhi Turner, Mayor of Dunedin 1995-2005
- Preet Bharara (born 1968), former U. S. attorney
- Harmeet Dhillon, Republican Party official in San Francisco
- Kashmir Gill, banker and former mayor
- Martin Hoke (born 1952), Republican politician
- Dalip Singh Saund (1899–1973), Democrat politician
- G. B. Singh, periodontist and retired army officer
- Bhagat Singh Thind (Bhagat Singh Thind (1892–1967) writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality, involved in legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship
- Uday Singh Taunque (1982–2003) soldier, KIA, bronze star recipient
- Ravinder Bhalla, New Jersey politician and Hoboken mayor elect.
- Gurbir Grewal, 61st Attorney General of New Jersey.
- Milkha Singh,
- Ranjit Bhatia
- Gurbachan Singh Randhawa
- Kamaljeet Sandhu
- Fauja Singh, a centenarian marathon runner
- Andrew Singh Kooner, current Bantamweight Champion of Canada
- Akaash Bhatia, British featherweight professional boxer
- Anureet Singh
- Arshdeep Singh
- Balwinder Sandhu
- Bhupinder Singh, Sr.
- Bishan Singh Bedi, former captain of Indian cricket team
- Jasprit Bumrah
- Gurkeerat Singh Mann
- Gursharan Singh
- Harbhajan Singh
- Tanveer Sangha, member of Australia cricket team
- Gurinder Sandhu, member of Australia cricket team
- Harvinder Singh
- Ish Sodhi, member of New Zealand cricket team
- Simi Singh, member of Ireland cricket team
- Mandeep Singh
- Maninder Singh
- Manpreet Gony
- Monty Panesar, member of English cricket team
- Navjot Singh Sidhu, former cricketer and current MP
- Ravi Bopara, member of English cricket team
- Reetinder Sodhi
- Sarandeep Singh
- Simranjit Singh
- Sunny Sohal
- V. R. V. Singh
- Yograj Singh
- Yuvraj Singh
- Jyoti Randhawa
- Arjun Atwal
- Gaganjeet Bhullar
- Ashbeer Saini
- Jeev Milkha Singh
- Vijay Singh
- Harmanpreet Singh
- Ravi Kahlon
- Ajit Pal Singh
- Baljeet Singh Saini
- Baljit Singh Dhillon
- Balwant (Bal) Singh Saini
- Gagan Ajit Singh
- Garewal Singh
- Gurdev Singh Kullar (field hockey)
- Jujhar Khaira
- Kulbir Bhaura
- Pargat Singh
- Prabhjot Singh
- Prithipal Singh
- Ramandeep Singh
- Surjit Singh Randhawa
- Sardar Singh
Mixed martial arts
- Rajinder Singh Rahelu, Sikh paralympian and also 2004 Athens bronze medalist
- Karamjit Singh, PRWC champion 2002, Asia Pacific Rally Championship champion 2001. A Malaysian known as the "Flying Sikh"
- Abhinav Bindra Olympic gold medalist in shooting
- Avneet Sidhu, Commonwealth Games medalist in shooting
- Manavjit Singh Sandhu, world champion in shooting
- Heena Sidhu, world champion in shooting
- Pamela Rai, 1984 Olympic bronze medalist, 1986 Commonwealth Games gold medalist
- Dara Singh
- Tiger Joginder Singh
- Tiger Jeet Singh
- Gurjit Singh
- Jinder Mahal
- Ranjin Singh
- Gadowar Singh Sahota
- Arjan Bhullar
- Tiger Ali Singh
- Nav Bhatia, businessman, First Sikh with NBA Championship Ring
- Ajay Banga, President/COO, MasterCard; ex-CEO- Citi Group-Asia Pacific
- Analjit Singh, founder/chairman, Max India Limited; chair, Max New York Life Insurance Company Ltd; Max Healthcare Institute Ltd and Max Bupa Health Insurance Company Ltd
- Bob Singh Dhillon, founder/CEO, Mainstreet Equity Corp.
- Dyal Singh Majithia, Indian banker
- Gurbachan Singh Dhingra, owner of Berger Paints India
- Gurbaksh Chahal
- H. S. Bedi (entrepreneur), telecom
- Jasminder Singh, British businessman
- Jay Sidhu, former Chairman and CEO of Sovereign Bancorp
- Jessie Singh Saini, founder of BJS Electronics and American industrialist of Indian descent.
- Jojar S Dhinsa
- Kamel Hothi, former banker at Lloyds Bank
- Kuldip Singh Dhingra, owner of Berger Paints India
- Malvinder Mohan Singh, Ranbaxy/Fortis Group
- Mohan Singh Oberoi
- M. S. Banga, ex-CEO, Hindustan Lever
- Param Singh (property developer), property developer, entrepreneur
- Sanjiv Sidhu, Founder and President of i2 Technologies
- Sant Singh Chatwal, owner of the Bombay Palace chain of restaurants and Hampshire Hotels & Resorts
- Satwant Singh, Le Meridien Hotel, DSS Enterprises, Pure Drink
- Shivinder Mohan Singh, Ranbaxy/Fortis Group
- Tom Singh, founder, New Look (Fashion chain)
- Trishneet Arora, author
- Vikram Chatwal, hotelier
Punjabi, Hindi and Urdu
- Rajkavi Inderjeet Singh Tulsi
- Bhai Gurdas
- Nanak Singh
- Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha
- Bhai Vir Singh
- Rajinder Singh Bedi
- Jaswant Neki
- Rupinderpal Singh Dhillon
- Harbhajan Singh
- Harcharan Singh (playwright)
- Jaswant Singh Kanwal
- Amrita Pritam
- Dalip Kaur Tiwana
- Kulwant Singh Virk
- Rupi Kaur
- Bali Rai
- Jaspreet Singh
- Khushwant Singh
- Dayal Kaur Khalsa
- Ranj Dhaliwal
- Shauna Singh Baldwin
- Jenet Dhutti-Bhopal
- Narinder Singh Kapany, known as the father of fibre optics.
- Bhagat Puran Singh, founder of Pingalwara, Home of Disabled, Amritsar
- Bhai Trilochan Singh Panesar, devoted his life to sewa (service to community and God) and simran (remembrance of God), the two tenets of Sikh life.
- Harpal Kumar, Chief Executive of Cancer Research UK
- Ravi Singh, CEO, Khalsa Aid
- Amanpreet Singh, Managing Director, Asia-Pacific, Khalsa Aid
- Alex Sangha, social worker and documentary film producer and Founder of Sher Vancouver
Painters and artists
- Ram Singh, one of pre-partition Punjab's foremost architects
Health and wellness
- David Shannahoff-Khalsa, prolific researcher on the psychiatric applications of Kundalini Yoga based at the Biocircuits Institute at the University of California, San Diego.
- Sat Bir Singh Khalsa, Harvard University-based researcher of Kundalini Yoga and an authority on the field of yoga research.
Science and technology
- Harvinder Sahota, cardiologist; invented the FDA-approved Perfusion Balloon Angioplasty and holds patents of 24 other medical inventions.
- Harminder Dua, discovered a previously unknown layer lurking in the human eye named the "dua's layer".
- Charan Kamal Singh, discovered the vaccine for the novel covid-19 and saved the world from apocalypse.
- Narinder Singh Kapany, physicist, specializing in fiber optics. He was named as one of the seven "Unsung Heroes" by Fortune Magazine in its Businessmen of the Century (November 22, 1999) edition.
- Jasvir Singh - Family law barrister
Indian Air Force
- Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh, former Chief, Indian Air Force.
- Air Chief Marshal Dilbagh Singh, former Chief, Indian Air Force.
- Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa, former chief, Indian Air Force.
Air Marshal of Air Force
- Gen. Joginder Jaswant Singh, former Chief, Indian Army.
- Gen. Bikram Singh, former Chief, Indian Army.
- Lt. Gen. Bikram Singh, G O C, XV Corps, 1960–63
- Joginder Singh Dhillon
- Jagjit Singh Aurora
Sikhs In US Military
Akal Purakh Ki Fauj after 1947
- Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale
- Baba Gurbachan Singh Manchahal
- Bhai Gujrant Singh Budhsinghwala
- Talwindar Singh Babbar
- Sukhdev Singh Babbar
- Toofaan Singh
- Shahbeg Singh
- Amrik Singh
Military Gallantry Award Winners
British Indian Army
- Ishar Singh was the first Sikh to receive the Victoria Cross
- Nand Singh
- Gian Singh
- Parkash Singh
- Karamjeet Singh Judge
Indian Armed Forces
Param Veer Chakra
- Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, only Indian Air Force officer to be awarded Param Vir Chakra
- Subedar Bana Singh
- Karam Singh
- Joginder Singh Sahnan
- Dewan Ranjit Rai, first Indian to receive Mahavir Chakra
- Brigadier Rajinder Singh
- Rajinder Singh Sparrow
- Sant Singh
- Ranjit Singh Dyal
- Brigadier Kuldip Singh Chandpuri, known for his heroic leadership in the famous Battle of Longewala
- Major General Kulwant Singh Pannu
- "Untitled Document". Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "Great Sikh Warriors". Archived from the original on 20 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- Verne A. Dusenbery (1999). "'Nation' or 'World Religion'?: Master Narratives of Sikh Identity" in Sikh Identity: Continuity and Change. Pashaura Singh and N. Gerald Barrier, editors. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers. pp. 127-139; Pashaura Singh (2013). "Re-imagining Sikhi ('Sikhness') in the Twenty-first Century: Toward a Paradigm Shift in Sikh Studies" in Re-imagining South Asian Religions. Pashaura Singh and Michael Hawley, editors. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill NV. p. 43; Opinderjit Kaur Takhar (2005). Sikh Identity: An Exploration of Groups Among Sikhs. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited. pp. 172-77.
- "WORLD NEWS BRIEFS – Chicago Sun-Times". Encyclopedia.com. 10 August 1986. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
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- Biographies – Gurinder Chadha: Bender of Rules. The Sikh Times (2003-03-26). Retrieved on 2010-12-14.
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