The Employment Court of New Zealand (Māori: Te Kooti Take-a-mihi o Aotearoa) is a specialist court for employment disputes. It mainly deals with issues arising under the Employment Relations Act 2000. The Employment Court is a court of record and has equal standing to the High Court of New Zealand.
The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act 1894 created a compulsory arbitration system for resolving industrial disputes. Part of this involved the creation of the Court of Arbitration. The court heard industrial disputes, made and interpreted awards, and set minimum standards of employment. The court also had the power to set and adjust wages. The court comprised a Supreme Court Judge, a union representative, and an employers' representative.
These elements continued through a number of successive acts until repeal in 1973.
- http://www.justice.govt.nz/employment/role/default.asp#ec13 Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine Role & Structure of the NZ Employment Court
- Employment Contracts Act 1991, s 103.